ENergy theme


Promoting sustainable energy use and engineering sustainable supply is vital to our economy and modern lifestyles.

By sharing knowledge, changing the way we behave and driving advances in technology the strain on the world’s resources can be reduced, more sustainable sources of energy developed and emissions reduced.

Each year the UK consumes the equivalent of around 160 million tonnes of oil to meet its energy demands. With many of our ageing power stations going offline during the coming decade, North Sea oil and gas resources becoming increasingly scarce, the oil price dropping substantially and ambitious targets for the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions proposed, there are significant challenges ahead for the way in which we source, distribute and use energy.

Read more about our Energy theme.

reports and policy statements

  • Leaving the EU, the Euratom Treaty Part 2 A Framework for the Future

    As the UK leaves the Euratom Treaty, no amendment has been made to allow for a consistent transition for the nuclear industry.

  • Swansea Bay Tidal Lagoon - Joint Statement

    This is a joint statement from the Institution and the Institution of Civil Engineers Wales Cymru.

  • Leaving the EU: The Euratom Treaty, Part 1: Challenges and Opportunities

    The Government’s desire to make a clean break from the EU and therefore leave the Euratom Treaty presents the UK nuclear sector with a significant challenge in making alternative mitigating arrangements.

  • Public Attitudes towards the UK Oil, Gas and Chemical Industries

    In order to understand the perceptions and attitudes towards the Oil, Gas and Chemical industries in the UK, the Institution undertook an online omnibus survey, interviewing a nationally representative sample of 2,034 adults living in Great Britain.

  • Engineering the UK electricity gap

    The future of UK power generation in light of recent changes to government energy policy.

  • Heat Energy: The Nation’s Forgotten Crisis

    In this report we investigate the measures engineers will need to take to ensure that our future energy security challenges, social needs and decarbonisation aspirations are met

  • A Tank of Cold: Cleantech Leapfrog to a More Food Secure World

    In this report we propose a range of energy storage solutions that meet the criteria for use in the context of a developing economy. One contender in this regard is cryogenic energy storage.

  • Small Modular Reactors: A UK Opportunity

    In this policy statement we describe the opportunity for UK involvement in small modular reactor (SMR) development activities, and the economic, business and infrastructure factors that make engagement an attractive proposition.

  • Geothermal Energy: UK Potential

    In this policy statement we look at what can be done to fully exploit the potential benefits of geothermal energy for the UK.

  • UK Plutonium: The Way Forward

    In this policy statement we look at future management options for the 112 tonnes of civil held plutonium, including about 28 tonnes of material belonging to overseas customers, currently stored in the UK.

  • Scottish Energy 2020?

    In this report we present a practical engineering view of the key issues and challenges to be addressed if Scotland is serious about achieving this target.

  • Nuclear build: A Vote of No Confidence?

    In this report we propose a number of recommendations which could help bridge the confidence gap between industry and the government, and help the nation achieve its long-term low-carbon targets.

  • Energy from Waste

    In this policy statement we look at how the UK can make the most of energy from waste plants, which convert waste into usable energy in the form of electricity, heat and/or transport fuels.

  • Marine energy: More than just a drop in the ocean?

    In this report we focus on barriers for commercialising the marine energy market in Scotland along with the current and future funding of marine energy projects.

  • Marine Energy

    In this policy statement we look at how the UK should respond to the challenges to full commercialisation that are facing the marine energy industry, and how the industry can fulfil its potential.

Comment and analysis

Dr Jenifer Baxter

Dr Jenifer Baxter

Energy policy spokesperson

Dr Jenifer Baxter joined the Institution as Head of Energy and the Environment in May 2015. Jenifer works closely with members to raise the profile of engineers and engineering potential, to generate discussion and provide thought leadership in the energy and environment sectors.

Read Jenifer's full biography

Get in touch

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Energy guides